Behavior pattern test is primarily concern with the examination of observable human expression to his external environment. It is through this variation in human expressions and behavior that individuals of a behavior pattern test group exhibit similar behavior reactions. The result of this is the classification of humans into four groups of personality traits.
How the Behavior Pattern Test Classify Human Behavior
This test is based on the assumption that all people are similar in some ways yet different in other. The behavior pattern, therefore, measures people’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that lead to some level of distinction between one individual and the other (Coon & Mitterer, 2007). Here, behavior is seen as the outward reaction about the external environment stimulus with the expression of both individuals’ emotions and thoughts.
Using the dominant human traits in an individual, behavior pattern test classifies a person as either being choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic, or sanguine. Individuals that exhibit behaviors that suggest being easily irritable and bad tempered are classified as choleric. Those who always appear gloomy and pessimistic are categorized as melancholic. The sanguine group describes those individuals exhibiting the cheerful and passionate behaviors. The last class of individuals is the phlegmatic group with the tendency of being sluggish and non-excitable (Sharma, 1996).
The validity of this test can be questioned. However, it gets support from the obvious differences in people that manifest themselves even in the basic survival behaviors, such as how different individuals eat. In fact, it is a known fact that most of the human basic survival behaviors are exhibited subconsciously. Subconscious mind, being the true reflection of an individual, provides rational factors by which human behaviors can be classified.
However, behavior patterns of individuals can occasionally be influenced by other external factors, such as the environment in which the individuals find themselves (Coon & Mitterer, 2007). This fact, therefore, denies the absolute validity of behavior pattern test in accurate classification of human behavior. Given that the test involves individuals’ response to behavior based questionnaire, an honest response would provide reliable grouping.
Validity of Behavior Pattern Test on Individuals from Non-Western Culture
Behavior pattern test has been very common and popular among individuals with the Western culture background. However, it can also be applied on individuals from non-Western cultural background. It was easily applicable in the West due to the superior civilization and more conventional way of doing things in this region. People from this region always exhibited consistent and formal behavior in their daily life. This made it much easier to determine their personality through the observation of their behavior patterns.
The possibility of applying this test among non-Western individuals is supported by the fact that “people’s level of motivation, affective states, and actions are based more on what they believe than on what is objectively true,” (Bandura, 1997). It is, therefore, understandable and logical to classify individuals according to the behavior patterns they exhibit. Every human race, despite their race, skin color, age or any other characteristic, expresses who they are through their behavior or action.
In conclusion, behavior pattern test can be applied in other cultures in the same way as it has been done in the western culture. The success of this test lies in proper identification of personality characteristics and the determination of variable responsible for the production and control of such traits.