Childhood Obesity

Since 1998, obesity has been known as a global epidemic that affects not only adults, but also children and was developed because of environmental and societal facts. The situation is not expected to be changed in the near future. Despite the fact that children's treatment is usually going better, obesity is not stepping aside. This is crucial to prevent this burden of society by any means, such as selecting the proper lifestyle behaviors that can make the disease more amenable to change. The task of the following research is to examine the evidence provided by two academic articles on the topic related to obesity prevention.

Obstacles occur even at the beginning of the process related to weigh measurement of a child as fat-free mass is accumulated during childhood, making it a problem to find a thin fringe between “overweight” and “obese”. The national health and nutrition examination survey shows negative numbers demonstrating an increasing prevalence of obesity and overweigh not only in adolescents, but in children as well. The distribution curve shows that an overweighed child becomes fatter with years. Thereafter, children's weigh and skin fold thickness has increased in general.

This all has a detrimental impact on the future and results in physiological, social and health problems. The social burden of obesity has a negative impact on interpersonal relationships and even educational attainment. The depression may evolve easily along with physical diseases, such as diabetes, skin disorders, osteoarthritis, and other. Unfortunately, numbers year to year support this shocking data. The risk that obesity will follow a child as he or she becomes a grown-up is very high and can be inherited from any of the parent irrespective whether obesity of him or her was caused due to environmental or genetic origin. However, persistent obesity risk identification cannot be measured with exact numbers. This is the weakness of such intervention. Findings must be based on a current body status of an obese parent and a child (the minimum age is 5 years old). The rationale of the intervention is that the earlier it is, the better the results would be. Consequently, diet, physical activities, behavior modification, parental effects, and school-based programs for treating and preventing obesity may be applied as soon as needed (Edmunds, Waters, Elliot, 2001). The early intervention is strength and can help to combat obesity form the very beginning.

Between 1999 and 2004, a special intervention was done in the school setting programs to prevent childhood obesity, and 11 of them were found in the UK and the USA. Children spend too much time in front of TV; they barely do any exercises, and eat unhealthy food. The result is catastrophic, and there definitely exists a direct link of obesity with television, as the energy expenditure is reduced along with low physical activity, resting metabolic rate is decreased and more food is consumed because of advertisement. After numerous researches were done where the best place to start the intervention is, school was opted as a matter of priority. Exercise patters and healthy dietary can be easily established at schools, and the programs are cost-effective. The results showed more successful intervention of younger children than adolescents did. However, in order to get better results, a special integrated obesity prevention model must be implemented, which can contain single-component and multi-component programs (Sharma, 2006).

Based on the evidence provided by the articles, many rationale facts can have an intervention from the early childhood as it gives better and more stable result in the future. The strengths of the intervention are that they have an influence not only on physical, but also on physiological level, which helps children to be stronger individuals within a society and try to do something with the obesity. The weakness of intervention is that the progress is not always easily measurable and many interventions have not been effective to any significant degree, but have improved the lifestyle behaviors, which generates other benefits (Effectiveness of Obesity-related Interventions).

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