Working Mothers - Essay

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Sociology is the systematic study of society and social relations. The humanity comprises a number of communities whose members correlate with each other, share values and live in a defined area. The aim of the paper is to investigate the sociological imagination while linking the following notions: conformity, deviance, and crime, socialization, culture, gender, social stratification, race, and inequality. This paper is an autobiography that explains how working mothers and their families connect to the sociological thoughts. The working mother is an account of my mother, a lawyer who has five children all raised in the family by a nanny, and a father who is a banker.

In the past decades, the society mainly consisted of the families where one of the parents acted as the primary childcare provider and the other was employed outside the home. Usually, the father worked to provide for his family, while the mother stayed at home and looked after the children (Baker & Oswald, 2010). The organization of typical family has changed enormously over time. There has been an upsurge in the number of mothers who work outside their home. I am an example of such a family since I was mainly raised by a childcare provider.

Culture consists of behaviors and beliefs that a societal group shares. For a society to exist, it must share a culture and community. Marriage in the U.S. is a voluntary choice of both partners based on mutual love and feelings. Also, hard economic times become a contributor to women seeking employment to support their families. My mother is a firm believer in equal opportunities for women (Chevalier, Harmon, O'sullivan, & Walker, 2013). She has always worked hard since her work is very demanding. My mother took me to a childcare provider and picked me on her way back from work. The culture of most families presupposes that a woman should stay at home and look after their children. However, my experience and the experience of people that I have encountered in my life made me believe that women have a place in the corporate world and they are not actually obliged to just stay at home and look after their children.

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Socialization has shaped my perception of the role of women in the society (Sobotka & Beaujouan, 2014). It also made me realize that there are alternative ways of raising children. I interacted with a great number of children raised at home. I always looked more enlightened than most of them when we were growing up. I learned the rules etiquette at the dining table at a tender age. At a younger age, my oratory skills were enhanced. I became relatively independent at a tender age compared to some of the children who depended on their mothers even in completing simple tasks.

The social media is also a great platform for learning. I am a fan of Facebook where I have many friends, more than five thousands. Some of them I have met face-to-face, while with others I interact only via the social network. I follow their posts, like their statuses, and comment on topics that excite me. I have seen women talking about best childcare providers in the country. I have also visited their pages to see the package offered by them. The social media is a platform that has aided people in accepting that a childcare provider is an alternative to parental raising children (Sponcil & Gitimu, 2012). I have interacted with young ladies in school who support the new way of raising children. Further, the busy schedule experienced by most females in their jobs cannot be ignored. The society should support women in their desire to take their children to childcare homes.

The school is the third agent of socialization. In school, we have participated in many debates on the role of women in taking care of their children. I have observed teenagers that spent their years under supervision of a childcare provider. Their story is not what I thought is the real situation. They feel that they did not get sufficient love and care from their mothers. Thus, lacking the motherly love, most of them became cold towards their parents, who they think do not care about them (Hetherington, 2014). My nuclear family consists of both a working father and a mother who spent most of their time in the office. As much as the school has made me appreciate the role of a modern woman in the society, I have comprehended that I had the merit of experiencing care and love of career parents.

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Religion is a set of values, beliefs, and practices regarding what an individual views as sacred or thinks to be spiritually noteworthy. It is also a means of exploring issues in society and various mechanisms of culture. The religion that I profess focuses on feminist standpoints on gender disparity (Baker & Oswald, 2010). The women who are expected to socialize children into religion have been allocated low positions of influence within religions. The role of females in the household is explained and depicted in the Bible as inferior to the men. Thus, according to religion, they should stay at home and take care of their children.

Deviance, crime, and conformity are also the concepts of social imagination. The deviance is the act of departing from the established cultural, social, or contextual norms. The deviance concept promotes social change. According to Chevalier et al. (2013), crime in the context of society is a costly challenge, for which not all people are punished. Thus, the poor are punished more, while the rich buy their freedom. In regard to deviance, women were supposed to stay at home and take care of their children; however, just as my mother, many of them have defied the social norms and have engaged in professional careers. The children who go to the childcare homes are more exposed to defiance and prone to commit crimes. However, I have never found myself in a crime case, and I disagree with this theory.

The other concept of social imagination is the gender identity that explains to what extent a person is recognized as having either feminine or masculine features. Additionally, there are gender roles or concepts that highlight how women and men are expected to behave in the society. My mother, who is supposed to be in the kitchen preparing foods for her children, is in the court daily defending her clients. The scenario shows that there is a shift in gender roles and women can now engage in complex activities (Pitt, 2015). In fact, women have shown success in careers that were supposed to be male dominated.

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Social stratification refers to the division of people into groups in accordance with standings of socioeconomics levels based on such factors as income, race, wealth, education, and power. The children who attend babysitting classes are usually those of the wealthy parents. My mother has a stable career and limited time at home, and she can afford to take my siblings and me to the childcare home. Nevertheless, we grew lacking exposure of what was happening in the real world. Though the children are enlightened, I must admit they are too soft to handle the hardships of life.

Lastly, the paper scrutinizes the concept of race and inequality as a concept of social thoughts. A race is a superficial physical difference considered substantial by a society. Ethnicity refers to shared culture. The conception of race in the U.S. is defined by the skin color, while ethnicity includes people who share the same language, religion, or traditions, such as the American or the Jewish. Most of the children in the baby-care are white, and therefore, it breeds an unscrupulous culture of intolerance towards the children of color.

This paper looks into the conflict theory. This model views the society as competition for restricted resources. Particularly, according to this concept, individuals must compete for political, social, and material resources, i.e. they must fight for political power, housing, money, entertainment, and leisure time. The winners use the power to influence and maintain their positions of influence in a community. It is seen in the paper that women are fighting to earn money by advancing their careers through education. They are abandoning their traditional roles by seeking well-paid jobs. The women try to climb the social stratification ladder through having a high income. Further, most of them do not subscribe to religion as a set of doctrines that do not offer women equal opportunities.

The purpose of the study was to explore the sociological imagination while connecting the following notions: conformity, deviance and crime, socialization, culture, gender, social stratification, race, and inequality. The paper examined the difference between children raised by a daycare provider and children raised by their mother. Children raised in the childcare homes are more enlightened than those raised at home. The societal norms are changing, allowing women to perform roles that were previously seen as those reserved for the men. Children who went to daycare homes are more prone to have an insolent character and have a high chance of committing crimes. Lastly, socialization has influenced the perception of the role of women in the community.

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