The environment consists of everything that exists on earth. Over the years, the environment has faced a lot of challenges, which have led to deterioration in its appearance and provisions. Its deterioration has majorly been because of the actions of man. Such actions have led to the formation of policies and regulations to look into the issue of environmental pollution and all sorts of actions leading to its degradation. It is the government that is majorly responsible for the enactment and implementation of environmental laws. The government does this at majorly by having organizations and giving them the mandate to implementing those environmental policies. There are a lot of such organizations that help curb the rate of environmental pollution worldwide (Kubasek & Gary, 2008).
Environmental policies often pertain to the pollution of the air, water, soil. They also include laws pertaining to the global warming effect, poaching and depletion of natural resources such as oil, clean water and minerals, such as coal. The environmental laws have been divided into those that control pollution and those that are concerned with the conservation of the natural resources. Such policies continue to be enacted and implemented even as time goes. This is because of the efficiencies that such environmental laws have shown. All countries in the world have enacted such laws and they have worked for many years because people try as much as possible to oblige to them. There are many positive impacts that have come with the environmental laws. The impacts are both direct and indirect. One of the benefits is that there has been reduced global warming in the world. Before the enactment of regulations on the environment, industries were releasing harmful gases and fumes that caused the greenhouse effect. Due to the heavy penalties that come with the pollution of the environment, industries have been able to come up with ways of reducing the harmful gas emission into the environment. As a result, there has been reduced global warming on the earth (Kubasek & Gary, 2008).
Furthermore, the laws have a positive impact on the health of people and even animals. By controlling the pollution of air, soil and water, people have had very decreased exposure to diseases. Environmental conservation has greatly reduced the health hazards and thus, improved health. Another positive impact is that environmental laws have led to the provision of environment conducive for carrying out the works of life. Healthy and fresh environment is conducive and totally provides good and healthy environment for carrying out activities (Singh, 2006).
Wild animals also form part of the environment. There has been increased poaching but due to the enactment of the laws to protect wild animals from poachers, it has led to their conservation. Rare species that faced depletion because of poaching are now safe and remain well conserved. Moreover, environmental conservation has indirectly benefited a country in that the conservation of rare wild species has led to the tourists' attraction, which is a source of income to the country. Last but not least, the enacted environmental laws have led to the protection of the ozone layer. It has had some indirect effect on the communities in that calamities, such as floods and drought that come with environmental pollution, have been reduced. This is of great benefit to the people as it improves their safety (Singh, 2006).
Not only is the government responsible for environmental conservation. People should abide by environmental policies not just because of the penalties and heavy duties that come with violation of those policies. Instead, everyone ought to make it their duty to protect the environment from any harm that tends to lead to its dilapidation.